If you’re in the market for a new ATV or UTV, you’ll soon discover there are quite a few different types available. The selection may feel overwhelming for someone that’s not too familiar with off-road vehicles, but you’ll learn that each type has its purpose. 

We’ll have a look at the characteristic features they offer and provide a rating of how well-suited each of them is in typical riding applications so that you’re able to choose one that fits you and your specific needs.  

In this overview, we’ve included both ATVs and UTVs (also known as side-by-sides or simply SxS). A UTV is technically speaking not an ATV, at least not according to the ANSI definition.

  • In short, an ATV is a four-wheeled off-road vehicle that uses handlebars for steering and has a straddled seating position like on a motorcycle. 
  • A UTV is also a four-wheeled off-road vehicle but has a steering wheel instead of handlebars and offers individual bucket seats for each passenger placed inside a protective roll cage.

But since many people use the broader term ATV in their everyday speech when referring to any vehicle type in this post, it makes sense to cover all of them together. 

Recreational and Utility ATV

recreational utility atv
Can-Am Outlander.

The majority of adult-sized ATVs on the market are what are known as recreational and utility ATVs. These are vehicles designed to offer decent overall performance in a wide range of riding applications that meet the average rider’s needs.

Characteristic features of a Recreational and Utility ATV:

  • Will fit one person – the rider
  • Designed with reliability and flexibility in mind.
  • They are smooth and easy, and comfortable to ride.
  • They offer good traction and accessibility in most typical riding applications.
  • Modifications are typically required for more extreme applications such as deep mudding.
  • Can tow about 1200lb and carry about 250lb of cargo on front and rear cargo racks.

Related: 18 Typical ATV Features Explained and Beginner Guide: ATV Controls Explained (With Photos)

UsageNot SuitedSuitedWell Suited
Recreational trail riding and exploringX
Farm work (utility)X
Hauling cargo, hunting, campingX
RacingX
MuddingX
Rock crawlingX
Accessing remote locationsX
Desert/dune ridingX
Youth ridersX

Touring ATV

touring atv
Can-Am Outlander (2p touring model)

A touring ATV share many of the same features as a recreational and utility ATV, except for one crucial difference. A touring ATV is designed for two people (rider + 1 passenger), whereas other recreational and utility ATVs are only for one person.

The wheelbase is extended by three to five inches to make room for one extra person, and stiffer springs are installed in the rear shocks to account for the added weight. A dedicated seat and handles are installed for the passenger to sit safely and comfortably. This seemingly moderate alteration to the design compared to a standard model makes the bike less likely to tip when going up and down a hill and makes for a less nimble riding experience in rough terrain.

Related: This is why ATVs have Large Seats (Hint: Not for Passengers)

Sport ATV

sport atv
Can-Am Renegade

Sports ATVs are also commonly referred to as “Racing ATVs” or “Performance” models. These are vehicles specifically designed for optimal performance in high-speed riding applications such as racing and thrilling trail rides. 

Characteristic features of a Sport ATV:

  • It offers upgraded suspension with better performance and adjustment options.
  • It has a wider track width for better stability, especially when cornering at high speeds.
  • It features upgraded undercarriage components such as A-arms, axles, and bushings for better handling than the more moderately set up Rec & utility ATVs.
  • It offers a lighter overall weight for better acceleration.
  • Clutches are set up for optimal acceleration rather than smoothness and comfort.

Related: This Is Why ATVs Don’t Have Seatbelts, but UTVs Do

UsageNot SuitedSuitedWell Suited
Recreational trail riding and exploringX
Farm work (utility)X
Hauling cargo, hunting, campingXX
RacingX
MuddingX
Rock crawlingX
Accessing remote locationsX
Desert/dune ridingX
Youth ridersX

Racing quads. Sport ATVs with 2-wheel drive and a solid rear axle are typically referred to as racing quads. These bikes are purpose-built for speed and stability and are often used in racing or dune riding when modified with aggressively threaded paddlewheels at the rear. They are not very suited for more utility-oriented riding applications.

racing quad atv
Racing quad

4×4 Sport ATVs. Sport ATVs with 4×4 are typically based on the frame and engine of a utility and recreational model. While they are tweaked towards performance, stability, and handling, you can still use them for odd utility jobs such as plowing snow or hunting. 

sport atv 1
Can-Am Renegade

Youth ATV

youth atv
Can-Am DS 70/90

Youth ATVs offer many of the same qualities and features as adult-sized ATVs but are scaled-down in size, weight, and power to accommodate the size and strength of younger riders. Many youth ATVs offer safety features such as speed limiters and even GPS technology that limits where the vehicle can go. 

ATVs are highly interactive vehicles that use the weight and strength of the rider to aid stability and maneuvering in rough terrain. Since children in most canvases are smaller and have less muscle strength, they cannot operate an adult-sized ATV safely. In addition, they have not yet fully developed their ability to assess the risks and possible consequences involved with operating a powerful full-scale ATV.

Youth ATVs are only meant for practice and play in a closed course under the supervision of an adult or on trails accompanied by adults. While they’re technically capable of performing many of the riding applications as listed under the various adult-sized ATVs and UTVs, the size and age of the rider are usually what ends up being the limiting factor, not what the ATV can handle. 

General guidelines to what size of youth ATV to choose according to the age of the rider:

ATV engine sizeRider Age
70cc6+
90 to 110cc10+
200 to 250cc14+
250cc and above (adult-sized ATVs)16+
Recommended ATV size by rider age.

Please keep in mind that these recommendations will not be suitable for all children. Some children are small for their age and should use an ATV one size smaller than indicated by the overview. Also, remember that you, as an adult, are responsible for evaluating the child’s maturity level and whether they are ready for the responsibility of safely operating the specific vehicle size. 

Special Edition ATV

Some manufacturers offer ATV types that do not fit within any of the main categories. These are typically models designed towards a specific riding application where they will outperform all the other types. However, when used outside the specific purpose they were designed for, their unique design features may cause drawbacks the more universal models don’t struggle with

One example is the Can-Am XM-R editions or the Polaris High lifter edition, explicitly built for extreme mudding. These come factory equipped with common mudding mods such as large tires with an aggressive paddle-style thread pattern lifted suspension and undercarriage components for better ground clearance and relocated radiator for easy cleaning.

mudding atv
Can-Am XM-R

Another example is the 6X6 models offered by Can-Am and Polaris. These models are fitted with one extra rear axle and a flatbed for improved traction and larger cargo capacity. They are a sworn favorite for utility work in wet and remote locations, but the added length does take a toll on maneuverability. 

6x6 atv
Can-Am Outlander 6×6

Other types are Hunting editions with camo print, brush guards, and sturdy cargo racks or 4×4 utility models featuring a cargo flatbed such as the Textron ALterrra TBX.

Utility Side-by-Side (SxS) and UTV

utility utv side by side
Can-Am Defender

Heading over to the SxS and UTV category, we find various vehicle types designed to accommodate specific needs, just like with ATVs.

All UTV and Sise-by-Sides share these standard features:

  • You sit in them, not on them like on an ATV.
  • They feature a protective roll cage.
  • They operate using a steering wheel and pedals.
  • While still providing decent off-road capabilities, they are not as agile and maneuverable in rough terrain as a traditional ATV. They offer a wider track width, lower ground clearance, and higher overall weight, limiting their off-road capabilities, depending on what terrain you are riding. 

A utility UTV (SxS) is designed to aid farmers, ranchers, and professionals in their day-to-day operations. They perform many of the same tasks traditionally done by a pick-up truck, but with even more impressive off-road capabilities and convenience for the operator.

Characteristic features of a Utility UTV (SxS):

  • Easy to get in and out, which comes in handy when performing mobile tasks such as fencing or supervising the cattle herd. 
  • It comes with an easily accessible cargo box with a payload capacity of 1000lb to 1500lb. 
  • They Will fit two to three people, the driver plus one or two passengers.
  • With independent suspension on all four wheels and a optional closed cabin, they provide a comfortable ride around your farm.
UsageNot SuitedSuitedWell Suited
Recreational trail riding and exploringX
Farm work (utility)XX
Hauling cargo, hunting, campingX
RacingXX
MuddingX
Rock crawlingX
Accessing remote locationsX
Desert/dune ridingX
Youth ridersX

Crew Cab UTV

crew cab utv side by side
Can-Am Defender (crew cab model)

A crew cab UTV is to utility UTVs like a touring ATV is to rec/utility ATVs. They share many of the same features as a utility UTV but come with an extra row of seats to fit more passengers. Both sports UTVs and utility UTVs come in crew cab configurations. Some models feature a longer wheels base to make room for more seats, while others feature a smaller cargo box than the 2-up models.

Crew cab UTVs will fit four to six people, depending on which model you choose. Just as with ATVs, the increased wheelbase makes them heavier, a bit harder to navigate in rough terrain, and slightly more expensive. 

Sport Side-By-Side (SxS) and UTV

sport utv side by side
Can-Am Maveric

Sport Side-By-Sides is all about performance. No other type of vehicle offers such an impressive combination of acceleration, extreme suspension, speed, and handling over any terrain out of the box.

They can handle jumps, high-speed cornering, bumpy roads, and hardcore terrain like it’s a walk in the park. If you’re looking for adrenaline, you’d be hard-pressed finding a more suitable off-road vehicle. 

Note that Side-By-Sides prefer open terrains over narrow forest trails full of obstacles. They thrive in the desert but may not be the best option for the forest. 

Characteristic features of a Sport Side-By-Side (SxS):

  • They offer unmatched off-road performance in open terrains such as the desert, open plains, or mountain roads and trails.
  • The chassis is typically wider than a utility UTV, with a low center of gravity. 
  • Feature powerful engines that can reach over 200hp, and adjustable suspension similar to what would find on Dakar rally cars and dune buggies
  • It can fit two people or four to six in a crew-cab configuration.
  • The rider and passengers each have their seat, featuring 4 point harness seatbelts.
  • Manufacturers offer models expressly set up for rock crawling, mud bashing, or dune riding. 
  • They are not very suited for any utility work such as hauling or carrying cargo. 
  • They do not have a cargo bed. 
UsageNot SuitedSuitedWell Suited
Recreational trail riding and exploringX
Farm work (utility)X
Hauling cargo, hunting, campingX
RacingX
MuddingX
Rock crawlingX
Accessing remote locationsX
Desert/dune ridingX
Youth ridersX

Youth SxS UTV

youth utv side by side
Polaris RZR 200

A youth Side-By-Side is a scaled-down adult size SxS design for younger riders at ten years of age or older. This type of ATV is becoming increasingly more popular over traditional youth ATVs due to safety features such as

  • An adjustable speed limiter 
  • Child-friendly performance
  • Age-appropriate ergonomics
  • Protective roll cage
  • Seat + seatbelt configuration

Please note that even though a youth ATV offers many compelling safety features, it doesn’t mean accidents can’t happen. If the vehicle rolls over into a ditch, it is crucial for the child’s safety that the riding only happens under adult supervision and in a controlled environment.

PS: While most of the photos in this post display Can-Am ATVs and UTVs, these are only meant as examples. Polaris, Honda, Yamaha, Textron (Arctic-Cat), Kawasaki, and CF Moto are other well-reputed manufacturers to look into. The only reason this post is Can-Am heavy is that they were nice enough to allow me to use their photos on this site.

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I'm an ATV and offroad-enthusiast, an engineer, a farmer, and an avid home-mechanic. I'm also the owner and editor of BoostATV.com. If you have any questions or suggestions regarding this article, please feel free to contact me.