Getting an ATV in and out of reverse can be a bit tricky if you’re unfamiliar with the correct procedure. Some types are relatively straightforward, while others can be a bit fiddly.
Whether you have never had an ATV with a reverse or just bought a new bike with a different gear selector style, this post have you covered.
To put a manual ATV in reverse, squeeze the clutch, turn the reverse button, and press the gear lever down below the first gear. On a semi-automatic ATV, you must activate the reverse release before changing down into reverse. On an automatic ATV, you shift to reverse with a hand shifter.
Continue reading to learn how to identify your ATV’s method and the exact steps for each technique.
The Procedure for Changing an ATV into Reverse Varies
There is no universal way to put an ATV in reverse. The steps involved vary depending on factors like transmission design, trim level, and manufacturer preferences.
There are three main transmission types used in ATVs:
- Manual – Manual clutch lever and gear shifter
- Semi-Automatic – Automatic clutch and manual gear shifter (buttons or foot lever)
- Automatic (CVT belt drive or auto-mode on some Hondas)
Manual and semi-automatic transmissions are a bit more tricky to get in reverse than automatic ones that operate similarly to an automatic car.
All three designs use a slightly different method to change into reverse. In addition, there are variations within the transmission designs. For instance, some semi-automatic use a mechanical reverse lever while others have electric reverse.
Honda stands out from the other brands as they have not adopted the CVT transmission design. Instead, they offer clutch and gear transmission style variations in semi-automatic and fully automatic options.
Confused? Most people are at this point. Hopefully, things will get clearer as we dive into the different variants.
How to Know What Style of Transmission Your ATV Have
To know what procedure to use, you need to know what style of transmission your ATV has. If you already know, you may skip this step.
Look for a Clutch Lever
Only a manual ATV will have a clutch lever. The lever is located on the left-hand side of the handlebars and looks similar to a brake lever.
The way to tell a clutch and brake lever apart is to see how it behaves when pressed. It is likely a clutch lever if it goes all the way against the handlebars. If it’s a brake lever, the resistance increases until it stops about halfway or two-thirds in.
Look for a Foot Shifter
All manuals have a foot shifter and a clutch lever. Some semi-automatics use a foot shifter but don’t have a clutch lever.
The foot shifter is located on the left-hand side of the engine, down by the footrest.
Look for a Hand Shifter
If there is a hand shifter, you know it’s not a manual. Also, look at the gear shifter markings.
The gear selector on an automatic typically has five options or a variation of these:
- P – Park
- N – Neutral
- R – Reverse
- L – Low gear
- H – High gear
Some semi-automatics use a hand shifter to change between low and high gear ranges. If the hand shifter markings indicate only “Low” and “Drive” or “High” but no “Park,” “Reverse,” or “Neutral,” you know it’s likely semi-automatic.
Look at the Dash Gear Indicator
The gear indicator on a manual or semi-automatic displays all the individual gears, while on an automatic, it only shows the various gear ranges listed above.
And often (but not always), you will find that the order of the gears is slightly different on a manual and a semi-automatic.
5 – Fifth gear
5 – Fifth gear
4 – Fourth gear
4 – Fourth gear
3 – Third gear
3 – Third gear
2 – Second gear
2 – Second gear
N – Neutral
1 – First gear
1 – First gear
N – Neutral
R – Reverse (not always indicated)
R – Reverse
Look for a Reverse-Release Button
The reverse release button, also known as a reverse actuator, allows you to put a manual or semi-automatic ATV in reverse.
On a manual, the button is typically located away from the clutch lever, often on the right-hand side of the ATV.
On a semi-automatic, the button is typically colored red and located on or near the left-hand side handlebar brake lever. Some older semi-automatic ATVs have a reverse release handle down by the transmission.
How to Put a Manual ATV in Reverse
This transmission style is primarily used in sports and racing quads and is uncommon in recreational and utility models.
To change gears on a fully manual ATV, you must press a clutch lever and operate a gear lever, similar to a motorcycle.
This is how you put a manual ATV in reverse:
Put the ATV in Neutral
Get on the ATV and put it in neutral. On most manual ATVs, the neutral is between first and second gear. Apply the brakes to make sure the ATV is not moving.
As you get more experienced, you can shift directly from first gear to reverse, but when starting off, it’s a good idea to begin in neutral.
Press the Clutch Lever
With your left hand, press the clutch lever all the way in until it bottoms out against the handlebar to disengage the clutch.
Shift to First Gear
With your left foot, press the gear shifter one click down to get in first gear. Keep the clutch pressed in.
Activate the Reverse Button
With your right hand, activate the reverse knob or button by turning it to the right. This opens the lock that prevents the ATV from going into reverse by mistake.
Shift Down One More Time
With your left foot, press the gear shifter down one more click to shift from the first gear into reverse. After shifting, you can release the reverse button.
Tip: Rock the ATV back and forth if the lever won’t go in gear.
Slowly Release the Clutch and Apply Some Throttle
Simultaneously release the clutch lever slowly while applying some throttle until the ATV moves backward.
Remain seated with both hands on the handlebars and head, and your torso turned backward to see where you are going.
To Stop, Press the Clutch Lever and Apply the Brakes
Simultaneously press the clutch lever to disengage the clutch and apply brakes until the ATV comes to a complete stop.
To Shift Out of Reverse, Press the Gear Shifter One Click Up
With the clutch lever pressed in, shift the gear lever one click up to move from reverse to first gear. Another half a click up will put the ATV into neutral.
There is no need to use the reverse button when shifting out of reverse.
How to Put a Honda ATV in Reverse
Hondas are designed a bit differently than most other ATVs and are the brand most people seem to need help getting into reverse.
Honda ATVs use a wide range of transmission designs, and navigating the various types is easy to get confused.
We’ll only focus on how they change gears to keep things simple; they use two main designs:
- Manual Foot shifter. Automatic clutch and manual transmission where you shift with a foot shifter.
- Electric Shift Program (ESP). Transmission designs vary, but on a Honda with ESP, you shift by pushing up or down on push buttons. Some models also come with a full auto mode in addition to the push button shift ESP mode.
Some Hondas are only semi-automatic, while others also have a full auto mode. The basic procedure to change into reverse is the same in full auto as on a semi-automatic.
Honda also uses two main designs to shift into reverse:
- Mechanical lever or button: All foot-shifter versions and some ESP models use a mechanical reverse-release lever. The lever is located on the left handlebar brake lever. Pull back the brake release with the brake lever before changing into reverse with the foot shifter or push button.
- Electric reverse switch. Newer models (after 2019) with ESP are available with electric reverse. Activate the electric brake switch before changing to reverse with the push buttons.
The electric reverse system has two main advantages over the manual version.
- Shifting is faster. With the electric reverse system, you can shift directly from first gear to reverse and vice versa. You must go by neutral on the mechanical lever version, which takes longer.
- More convenient. With electric reverse, you do not have to press the brake lever to change into reverse; you only need to push the electric reverse switch.
We’ll go through the exact steps to get a honda or any other semi-automatic into reverse below.
How to Put a Semi-automatic ATV in Reverse (Incl. Hondas)
By semi-automatic ATVs, we’re primarily referring to non-DCT Hondas. Besides Honda, some Suzukis and various older ATV models use this transmission style.
To change gears on a semi-auto, you don’t need to use a clutch lever; the clutching happens automatically. You change gears up or down with a foot lever or by pressing push buttons on the handlebars.
This is how you put a semi-automatic ATV in reverse:
Put the ATV in Neutral
Most semi-automatic ATVs must be in neutral before shifting into reverse. The exception is Hondas with electric reverse, which can shift to reverse from neutral but also directly from first gear.
Make sure the ATV is not moving to prevent damage to the transmission.
Activate the Reverse Release
The reverse release feature activates the reverse gear but does not put the ATV in reverse. The procedure to use it varies slightly between ATV models.
- On an ATV with a mechanical reverse lever (usually red), this means pulling the lever while simultaneously pressing and holding the brake lever.
- On ATVs, with a mechanical push button brake release (usually a red button with an ®), this means pressing down the button while simultaneously pressing and holding the brake lever.
- On an ATV with electric reverse, it requires pressing and holding the reverse switch.
- On some older ATVs, the reverse release is operated by shifting a mechanical lever located near the transmission.
Change Gear Into Reverse
Now it’s time to put the ATV in reverse. Again, the procedure depends on whether your ATV has a foot lever or an electric shifter.
- On an ATV with a foot shifter, press the shifter one click down from Neutral.
- On ATVs with push-button electric shifters, push down once from neutral.
Let Go of the Reverse Release
The ATV is now in reverse, and you no longer need to keep the reverse release activated. Gently apply throttle to drive backward.
To Stop, Release the Throttle While Applying the Brakes
Simultaneously let off the gas while applying the brakes until the ATV stops.
Shift Out of Reverse
To shift out of reverse, press the foot shifter one click up or press up once on the push button on an electric shift model. This puts the ATV in neutral. Push up once more to get into first gear.
You don’t have to use the reverse release when shifting out of reverse, but doing so on ATVs with electric reverse skips neutral and takes you directly to first gear.
How to Put a Fully Automatic (CVT) ATV in Reverse
Most utility and recreational ATVs on the market use CVT-style transmissions with a drive belt. This design has no clutch lever, and you don’t have to change gears manually.
All you need to do to put an automatic CVT ATV in reverse is to brake until full stop, change into reverse gear, and gently apply throttle to move.
How to Use a Reverse Override Switch
Some ATVs have a so-called “Reverse Override Switch.”
As a safety feature, many ATVs have an electronically controlled rev limiter while in reverse to prevent unintentional acceleration.
Too fast or unexpected acceleration in reverse will shift the rider’s weight forward against the handlebars, engaging the thumb throttle. As the thumb throttle gets pushed in, acceleration increases, causing the thumb throttle to be pushed in even further.
When this happens, things spiral out of control in a fraction of a second, possibly leading to an accident.
The reverse override switch turns off the reverse rev limiter for as long as the button is pushed in. This feature should only be used when you need additional power while operating in reverse, such as when trying to get unstuck from a mud pit.
Use the reverse override with caution. Do not activate the reverse override switch while the throttle is open, as this can cause a loss of control.
General Guidelines When Driving an ATV in Reverse
These general guidelines apply when reversing any style of ATV.
- Never change into reverse when the ATV is moving or at engine speeds above Idle, as this may damage the transmission.
- Changing gear into reverse on a level surface is generally more manageable as it puts less strain on the transmission internals.
- Check for obstacles, animals, or people behind the ATV before reversing. You may not notice if a small child or a pet is behind the vehicle.
- Drive slowly, don’t make any sharp turns, and avoid backing up hills. The chance of losing control of the vehicle is much higher when reversing than when driving forward.