While it’s a common misconception, ATV and motocross helmets don’t have visors but a peak. A visor is the see-through face shield on typical motorcycle helmets designed for highway use.
When talking about the visor on an ATV and motocross off-road helmet, most people refer to the plastic brim over the goggles, known as a peak.
With that misconception out of the way, we set out to learn the real purpose of an ATV and motocross helmet visor/peak: The primary purpose of an ATV and motocross peak (by many referred to as a visor) is to protect the rider from dirt and rocks spun up by the rear wheel of the rider in front. It also helps deflect branches when riding in the woods and keeps the sun out of the rider’s eyes.
1. To Deflect Roost
Anyone that has ever been in an ATV or motocross race will be able to tell you the primary purpose of having a peak on your helmet.
The peak is essential if you don’t get the holeshot through the first corner, as you will need it to protect your face and goggles from the roost thrown up by the rider or riders in front of you.
Roost is a common nickname for the sand, dirt, rocks, or mud thrown up by the rider’s rear wheel in front of you. The spray of dirt resembles the shape of a rooster’s tail, hence the name.
As you get out of the corner and the rider in front of you hammers the throttle, all you have to do is tilt your head slightly forward and let the peak do its job.
It will protect your face from dangerous flying rocks and help keep your goggles clean. Without the peak, your goggles would get stuffed with mud quickly.
If you go to a race on a wet and muddy day, you may notice that some riders use old goggle lenses or other plastics to extend their peaks for added protection.
2. To Deflect Tall Brush and Branches
It’s essential to have proper face protection when you plow your way through thick brush and branches in the woods.
Many riders, myself included, find that the peak works well to keep most of the thicker stuff out of the face.
While the goggles help against the minor stuff, the peak can take more of a beating and adds one more layer of protection.
The key to successfully utilizing the peak as a deflector is to adjust the peak as far down as possible. Then just before you hit the branch, you must tilt your head down. You will feel and hear when the branch clears your helmet so you can safely lift your head again.
The peak may catch on to the branch if you do not tilt your head forward. Peaks are designed to break easily, so catching on to a branch shouldn’t involve any danger to the rider. Nevertheless, getting your face stuffed with debris can be pretty annoying.
3. To Keep the Sun and Rain Out of Your Face
While it is not, it’s the primary purpose; the peak may help to keep the glare from the sun out of your eyes.
Like a baseball cap, the peak can block the direct sun from the sky. It also may help against glare that is made worse by dusty goggles.
When it rains, the peak helps keep your face and helmet liner a bit dryer.
Do You Need a Peak for Trail Riding?
While trail riding typically does not generate as extreme a spray of debris from the rider in front as on a race track, you will still need some face protection.
Some trail riders prefer the comfort of the full-face visor of a motorcycle helmet. The downside is the loss of the protection provided by the peak.
A range of brands offers so-called adventure or dual-sport helmets with both a visor and peak. The peak on these helmets is vented in the back, creating less drag at higher speeds.
The problem with the peak on this type of helmet is that they are typically smaller and cannot be adjusted far enough down and forward to provide any actual protection.
What if You Find the Peak More Annoying Than Useful?
Most peaks are removable for easy replacement when they break. Those who prefer riding without a peak in the woods can remove it in seconds.
An ATV or motocross helmet without a peak is still better than a traditional motorcycle helmet for off-road riding. Googles are much less prone to fogging up than a visor and will help keep dust out of your eyes.
Why Do Motocross Helmets Use Goggles?
Goggles are necessary to protect the rider’s face due to the open-face design of an ATV and motocross helmet. But that is not the only reason they are the preferred option for dusty off-road riding.
The visor of a motorcycle helmet does not protect the rider’s face well against dust. However, goggles are outlined with thick foam padding that creates a tight seal, blocking most of the dust from getting into the rider’s eyes.
The elastic strap keeps the goggles pressed firmly against the rider’s face.
The elastic foam padding used on goggles also serves a dual purpose of keeping dripping sweat out of the rider’s eyes, almost as a sweatband.
Why Off-Road Helmets Differ from Motorcycle Helmets
ATV and motocross helmets serve a different purpose than motorcycle helmets. On-road riding is typically not as physically demanding as various styles of off-road riding. You generally ride at much higher speeds on-road, with less debris than off-road and in racing.
We need different helmet designs to meet the different requirements of the two ways of riding.
A motorcycle helmet is designed to protect the rider against noise, wind, and debris at high speeds and high-speed impacts. It must also feature excellent aerodynamics to keep the rider’s head stable at high speeds.
The helmet is built as a fully enclosed unit with small air vents to achieve the desired protection and high-speed features.
The tiny vents ensure adequate ventilation at higher speeds, but at speeds below 30mph, they do not allow enough air into the helmet. The result is fogging on the inside of the visor.
Off-road racing, as well as active off-road recreational riding, can be extremely physically demanding. This creates a lot of sweat and heat that must be vented out to keep the rider cool.
Motocross and active ATV, and motocross helmets solve this issue with an open-face design that allows a high airflow into the helmet.
You still are going to need a way of protecting the eyes. Instead of a full face shielding visor, we use vented goggles. This way, the rider’s breath is not led straight onto the visor as in a motorcycle helmet.
The helmet is shaped to create a snug fit against the goggle, exposing as little of the face as possible to flying debris.
Also, as discussed in this post, you have the roost-protecting peak and a raised mouth guard that protects the rider’s face.
This post goes more in-depth on the differences between an ATV helmet and a motorcycle helmet.
Downsides of Using a Helmet With a Peak
As we have established, the peak is essential for face protection in a race. But does it come with any significant downsides?
The Peak Creates Drag at High Speeds
The peak creates a significant drag, messing up the aerodynamics and leaving an ATV and motocross helmet less than ideal at higher speeds.
The drag will pull the rider’s head back, which can cause fatigue when riding longer distances.
This issue is usually not a problem with off-road riding, which typically happens at lower speeds.
Some Riders Prefer Riding Without a Peak in the Woods
Based on my experience, I find the peak very effective at deflecting branches when riding in the woods.
Other riders feel that the peak catches branches, brush, and tall grass too quickly, creating more annoyance than a benefit.
Whether this makes it a downside or not comes down to personal preference. Your best bet is to try for yourself and remove the peak if you don’t like it.
Related: Do ATV and MX helmets expire?
How important are helmet peaks and visors on ATV helmets?
Helmet peaks and visors protect against sun glare, rain, mud, and debris, enhancing visibility and safety while riding.
Can you replace or remove the visor or peak on an ATV helmet?
Yes, most ATV helmets have removable visors and peaks. Always refer to the helmet’s user manual for instructions.
How to clean ATV helmet peaks and visors?
Use mild soap and warm water. Avoid harsh cleaners or solvents as they may damage the visor or peak.
An ATV and motocross helmet’s peak has three primary functions: protection from roost, deflection of branches and brush, and shielding from sun and rain. Its effectiveness is influenced by personal riding style and conditions, with some riders opting to remove it for specific scenarios.
Whether you love or loathe, the peak undeniably adds a unique layer of protection and practicality to off-road riding. It’s always best to experiment and see what works best for you in different circumstances, ensuring both safety and comfort during your adventures.